FULL NAME: Muhammadu Buhari
DATE OF BIRTH: 17 December 1942 [currently 75-year-old] NET WORTH 2017: Muhammadu Buhari Net Worth is around $110 Million Dollars
OCCUPATION: POLITICIAN: [PRESIDENT 2015-2019] Ex-Military Head Of States.
MARITAL STATUS: Married to Aisha Buhari
EDUCATION: Scroll down
CHILDREN: Fatima, Nana-Hadiza, Safinatu, Halima, Yusuf, Zahra, Aisha (Hanan) and Noor
Muhammadu Buhari is the President of Nigeria a position he has held since 2015. Muhammadu Buhari who is the present president of Nigeria was born on the 17 of December 1942. He is a military man who retired as the major general in the Nigerian Army and previously served as the nation’s head of state from 31 December 1983 to 27 August 1985, after taking power in a military coup d’état. He previously ran for the presidency in 2003, 2007 and 2011 but didn’t come out successful. He was the presidential candidate of the All Progressives Congress for the March 2015 general elections. After losing the presidential election many times, he finally emerged the winner defeating the incumbent President Goodluck Jonathan in 2015 general election.
This was the first time in the history of Nigeria that an incumbent president lost to an opposition candidate in a general election. This happened because the former Nigerian President Goodluck Ebelle Jonathan promised Nigerians that the election would be free and fair and the choice was for the masses to make. Unfortunately, Muhammadu Buhari defeating him as his total votes surpasses that of Jonathan’s. The man from the Northern part of Nigeria was officially sworn in on 29 May 2015.
Early Life, Background and Childhood
The present president of Nigeria Muhammadu Buhari was born to a Fulani family on 17 December 1942, in Daura, Katsina State, to his father Adamu and mother Zulaihat. He is the twenty-third child from a very large family and he was raised by his mother after his father passed away. He completed his primary school education in Daura and Mai’adua before proceeding to Katsina Model School in 1953, and to Katsina Provincial Secondary School (now Government College Katsina) from 1956 to 1961 where he obtained his leaving school certificate.
His military ambition started properly in January 1963 when he was commissioned as second lieutenant, and appointed Platoon Commander of the Second Infantry Battalion in Abeokuta, Nigeria. He also attended the Platoon Commanders’ Course at the Nigerian Military College, Kaduna from November 1963 to January 1964. He eased his military training by attending the Mechanical Transport Officer’s Course at the Army Mechanical Transport School in Borden, United Kingdom.
Muhammadu Buhari military journey started when he joined the Nigerian Army by enrolling in the Nigerian Military Training College (NMTC) in 1961. Three years later after joining the Nigerian Army, the college was upgraded to an officer commissioning unit of the Nigerian Army and renamed the Nigerian Defence Academy (NDA) precise in February 1964. NDA was officially started before 1964 when Nigerian government sent cadets who had completed their NMTC preliminary training to mostly Commonwealth military academies for officer cadet training). Prior to this time, Buhari underwent officer cadet training at Mons Officer Cadet School in Aldershot in England from 1962 to 1963 precisely.
Buhari was later commissioned a second lieutenant and appointed Platoon Commander of the Second Infantry Battalion in Abeokuta, Nigeria. He also attended Platoon Commanders’ Course at the Nigerian Military Training College, Kaduna from November 1963 to January 1964. He was also one of the participants in the “July Rematch” or so-called “Counter-Coup”, led by Lt-Col Murtala Muhammed that overthrew and assassinated Nigeria’s first self-appointed military Head of State General Aguiyi Ironsi. Ironsi assumed leadership of the Nigerian government after a failed coup attempt on 15 January 1966, which overthrew the elected parliamentary government of Nigeria (also known as the first republic). There are also other notable people that took part in the Coup on 28 July 1966 they are Major Theophilus Danjuma, Lieutenant Ibrahim Bako, 2nd Lieutenant Sani Abacha, Lieutenant Ibrahim Babangida and many others.
The coup was a retaliation to the initial January coup masterminded by some group of Igbo officers led by Major Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu overthrew the democratically elected government of Prime Minister Abubakar Tafawa Balewa. Many people were angry for the killing of senior politicians, Prime Minister Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Ahmadu Bello, Brigadier Zakariya Maimalari, Colonel Kur Mohammed, Lt-Cols Abogo Largema and James Pam. It leads to a very bloody counter-coup that took the life of mostly Igbo officers. The top people that lost their lives in the course of this battle include General Aguiyi Ironsi and Lt Colonel Adekunle Fajuyi who held the post of military governor of the Western Region.
Buhari was assigned to the 1st Division under the command of Lt. Col Mohammed Shuwa, the division had temporarily moved from Kaduna to Makurdi when the Nigerian Civil War started. The division was then divided into sectors and then battalions. In 1968, he was posted to the 4 Sector also called the Awka sector which was charged to take over the capture of Onitsha from Division 2. The sector operated within the Awka-Abagana-Onitsha region which was important to Biafran agitators because it was a major source of their food supply. They suffered some numbers of casualties as they tried to protect food supplies route of the rebels along Oji River and Abagana.
After the civil war, Buhari was appointed the Brigade Major/Commandant, Thirty-first Infantry Brigade which was from 1970 to 1971. From 1971 to 1972 he also served as the Assistant Adjutant-General, First Infantry Division Headquarters. After that, he attended the Defence Services Staff College, Wellington, India, in 1973. Buhari was appointed as the Acting Director of Transport and Supply at the Nigerian Army Corps of Supply and Transport Headquarters from 1974 to 1975.
General Murtala Mohammed, also appointed Buhari as Governor of the North-Eastern State from on the 1st of August 1975 to 3 February 1976. He was entrusted with this position to oversee social, economic and political improvements in the state. He served as Governor of Borno state from 3 February 1976 to 15 March 1976 but it was very brief. In March 1976, General Olusegun Obasanjo as the Head of State appointed Buhari as the Federal Commissioner (a position now called Minister) for Petroleum and Natural Resources. He was also appointed as Chairman of Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation after its creation in 1977.
From 1978 to 1979, Buhari was back in military service, he was appointed as the Military Secretary at the Army Headquarters and was a member of the Supreme Military Council. When he got to the rank of colonel, he attended the US Army War College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, in the United States, and gained a Masters Degree in Strategic Studies.
Major-General Buhari was one of the leaders of the military coup of December 1983 that overthrew the democratically elected government of President Shehu Shagari. At the time of plotting the coup, Buhari was the General Officer Commanding (GOC), Third Armored Division of Jos. The coup was a successful one and Tunde Idiagbon was appointed Chief of General Staff. Buhari was the Head of state from 1983 to 1985. The structure of the new military leadership which was also the fifth in Nigeria since independence resembled the last military regime, the Obasanjo/Yaradua administration. The new regime established a Supreme Military Council, a Federal Executive Council and a Council of States.
With the focus to reform the economy, as Head of State, Buhari started to rebuild the nation’s social-political and economic systems, along with the realities of Nigeria’s austere economic conditions. He resorted to cutting down excesses in national expenditure, obliterating or removing completely, corruption from the nation’s social ethics, shifting from mainly public sector employment to self-employment. He continued with the foreign policy he learnt from Shehu Shagari. In his New Year broadcast (1984), he clearly revealed that he would maintain and enhance diplomatic relations with all countries and international organisations such as the OAU, UN, OPEC, ECOWAS and the Commonwealth of Nations.
Buhari is well known for his interested in cutting down or completing removing corruption from Nigerian political system. Just 20 months into his position as head of state, about 500 politicians, officials and businessmen were jailed for corruption. They were later released after they released sums to the government and meeting to certain given conditions. Buhari has been a patriotic Nigerian right from the onset and one of the legacies of his government is the War Against Indiscipline (WAI). It was launched on 20 March 1984 with the aim to address the prevailing lack of public morality and civic responsibility of Nigerian society.
In a coup led by General Ibrahim Babangida and other members of the ruling Supreme Military Council (SMC), Major General Buhari was overthrown in August 1985. Following the success of the coup, Babangida brought many of Buhari’s most vocal critics into his administration, including Fela Kuti’s brother Olikoye Ransome-Kuti who is a doctor. Prior to this time, Olikoye Ransome-Kuti led a strike against Buhari to protest halting health care services which led to the detention of Buhari in Benin City until 1988. People believed Buhari was overthrown by corrupt elements in his government who were afraid of being brought to justice in no time.
Buhari ran for office in the presidential election in 2003 under All Nigeria People’s Party (ANPP). He was defeated by President Olusẹgun Ọbasanjọ under the People’s Democratic Party. He beat him by a margin of more than 11 million votes. He also came back in 2007 running against PDP candidate, Umaru Yar’Adua, who hailed from the same home state of Katsina. Umaru Yar’Adua defeated him after with 70% votes while 18% was for him. Buhari didn’t accept the result but after Yar’Adua took office he partnered with ANPP in the ruling but Buhari wasn’t in support of the idea.
In March 2010, Buhari left the ANPP for the Congress for Progressive Change (CPC), a party that he had helped to found. He emerged as the CPC Presidential candidate on 16 April 2011 general election, running against incumbent President Goodluck Jonathan of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP). The major contenders were Mallam Nuhu Ribadu of Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN), and Ibrahim Shekarau of ANPP among 20 contestants. There was violence in the election which leads to the killing of Christians residing in Northern states. At the end of everything, Buhari came out second to the incumbent president Goodluck Jonathan. Buhari won “12,214,853″ votes while Goodluck Jonathan polled “22,495,187” votes.
After aspiring for presidential for many years, Buhari finally came out successful in 2015 presidential elections defeating President Goodluck Jonathan to claim the crown he has being longing for all these years.
He Has Been Honoured With Couple of Awards
• Congo Medal (CM)
• Defense Service Medal (DSM)
• Forces Service Star (FSS)
• General Service Medal (GSM)
• National Service Medal (NSM)
• Grand Commander of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (GCFR)
• Loyal Service and Good Conduct Medal (LSGCM)
Declared asset: Buhari’s Owns 7 houses, N30m
Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari has declared his assets. According to a statement released by the Senior Special Adviser on Media and Publicity to the President on Media and Publicity, Mr Garba Shehu said that prior to being sworn in on May 29, President Buhari had the followings:
• N30 million to his name. He also had only one bank account, with the Union Bank.
• 5 homes, and two mud houses in Daura
• 2 undeveloped plots of land, one in Kano and the other in Port Harcourt.
• Own Farms, an orchard and a ranch. The total number of his holdings in the farm include 270 heads of cattle, 25 sheep, five horses, a variety of birds and a number of economic trees”.
• Uses a number of cars, two of which he bought from his savings and the others supplied to him by the federal government in his capacity as former Head of State. The rest were donated to him by well-wishers after his jeep was damaged in a Boko Haram bomb attack on his convoy in July 2014.
• President Buhari “had shares in Berger Paints, Union Bank and Skye Bank”.
NOTE: QUIZ WILL BE SET FROM THIS PASSAGE.